Perfume Directory

4711 Echt Kölnisch Wasser (1792)
by 4711 (originally by Muelhens)


4711 Echt Kölnisch Wasser information

Year of Launch1792
GenderShared / Unisex
AvailabilityIn Production
Average Rating
(based on 531 votes)

People and companies

Originally byMuelhens
PerfumerWilhelm Muelhens
Parent CompanyMäurer & Wirtz
Parent Company at launchMuelhens

About 4711 Echt Kölnisch Wasser

The original cologne water. This light refreshing cologne has been popular for over two hundred years. Invented in Cologne, Germany (surprise!) in a house with the number "4711". It was originally developed for medicinal purposes. The fascinating story behind this cologne can be found at
The ingredients are still top secret today, with only the main ingredients known.

4711 Echt Kölnisch Wasser fragrance notes

  1. Top Notes
  2. Heart Notes
  3. Base notes

Reviews of 4711 Echt Kölnisch Wasser

Echt Kölnisch Wasser No. 4711 has all the historical gravitas of a famous monument in the perfume community, even if it's olfactory gravitas is pithy compared to even the weakest modern commercial sprays. Perfumes existed before it, and indeed so did "eau de Cologne" as made by Johann Maria Farina gegenüber dem Jülichs-Platz since the beginning of the 18th century, but in the case of perfumes, were mostly bespoke creations for the ruling class, while Farina'a cologne ordered word-of-mouth mostly by nobiles and successful merchant families. 4711 often contests itself as the first eau de cologne, but while nobody argues against it being an "original eau de Cologne" from Köln Germany, it isn't the first. Farina's product would be kept small-batch and within higher society circles until the popularity of cologne exploded in the 19th century, but 4711 would be the first example of a mass-produced scent sold with that purpose widely available from the onset. The Carthusian Monk "legend" of how Wilhelm Mülhens came up with his recipe is pure bunko so far as I'm concerned, and is proof that perfumes high and low have been inventing their own pedigrees for centuries if it means impressing the would-be-customer. Mülhens even tried to use the Farina name when a distant relative not affiliated with the Johann Maria Farina gegenüber dem Jülichs-Platz fraudulently sold it to him, if that's any indication of manufactured provenance. Bottom line here is people caught wind of the Farina stuff, but when they went to buy, it was 4711 they took home, which is how history determined the victor, and who to copy when everyone else in the perfume industry started making their own colognes. 4711 is the reference "Eau de Cologne", plain and simple.

Regardless of how Wilhelm Mülhens actually concocted his formula, be it reconstructing the original Farina stuff by nose or actually getting a visit from a recipe-bearing monk on his wedding day, the results are strikingly similar to the erstwhile Farina cologne: a top and middle-heavy citrus splash with zero base notes. The directory shows them, but they're just impressions because for all intents, this has no fixative and thus a skin life of 30 minutes by itself. Bergamot, lemon, lime, neroli, petitgrain, and a spread of herbs all greet the nose. 4711 was first and foremost meant to refresh and brace, but not sustain, and it's citrus floral profile does that well. The overall feel is unisex and always has been, but I feel more women prefer this than anyone, which goes in contrast to modern interpretations with mossy/musky fixatives and soapy base notes like Eau de Guerlain (1974) or Mugler Cologne (2001). Even Caswell-Massey Number Six (1789) solved the lifespan issue of cologne with a deer musk base (now synthetic) an entire decade before 4711 came to be, but it was a little-known niche product by comparison, coming from the nascent United States. Rosemary, some rose oil, and dry aromatics like cedar and light vetiver finish out 4711's brief existence on skin, and that's it! Notorious French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was claimed to constantly soak himself in Eau de cologne, but he never used 4711, as his court perfumer was the former house of Chardin, but for the German people themselves around this time, 4711 was an indispensable toiletry, even later on in the 20th century to German soldiers in WWII.

Obviously running water and soap in the modern era preclude notions of 4711 sponge baths, even if it is possible with the huge 28oz "Molanus" bottles they sell. As with any modern eau de cologne-style fragrance, liking 4711 comes down to liking bergamot and neroli together, and since this is literally the reference recipe for all them, there is little else but that bergamot and neroli on display throughout it's tiny drydown time. I've known people who use 4711 as a springboard to make custom fragrances, since it literally has no base, adding sandalwood, musk, and/or oakmoss absolutes to decanted quantities of 4711 which results in what basically smells like a homebrew modern EdC. I myself like to layer this over Clubman Pinaud, as I find the lavender, tonka, oakmoss, and vanilla of that mass-market relic to give 4711 some synergy and sustain without having to mix things like a mad scientist. Overall, 4711 is just a product of it's age, with a fascinating story, but little functional appeal as we've come so much farther since then with fragrance. It's almost mandatory perfumista academia to try it, but unless you're using it like they did in Victorian times, it makes a better thing to spray on pillows or curtains than yourself, even if the various soap and shower products are nice. Thumbs up for historical importance and universal appeal, as you really can't go wrong with this as a freshen-up, but if you're looking for something that smells like this and lasts all day long, you'll need to skip out on Mülhens and go pay somebody like Chanel, Mugler, Guerlain, Roger & Gallet, or Parfums Nicolai a visit, as they've all succeeded in taking "Echt Kölnisch Wasser" to the next level of performance as an actual wearable fragrance while retaining the bracing spirit of 4711.
26th July, 2018
Love, Love, Love, this perfume. The citrus fresh fragrance has remained true and unaltered through all the years I have been buying it, and it is the only perfume I always make sure I have a bottle (or more) of. I wear it for the crisp, fresh, lemony fragrance and also love using it to splash on, and refresh my skin on our hot Summer days.
24th July, 2018
This is the same formula as the first eau de cologne ever produced, back in 1792 in the city of Cologne, Germany. It is one of the oldest perfumes still in production continously. It is theorized that the emporer Napolean Bonaparte would use an entire bottle of this every day. All modern colognes are based on this blend, particularly so with Tom Ford's Neroli Portofino which is basically a copy of this with added strength. The opening is very soapy and smells a lot like neroli (orange blossom), but I also detect strong notes of lemon and lime. The notes smell very natural as well, and not synthetic at all. On drydown it smells mainly of soapy neroli; it is extremely pleasant. The fragrance does not lean masculine or feminine - and I actually bought a bottle of this for my mom as well. The sillage is weak leaning moderate while the longevity is also very weak (lasts about 1-2 hours max), however - but this was the case with traditional eau de colognes which were meant to freshen up and not as long-lasting perfumes. I bought a large 200 ml splash bottle of this and simply decant it in a travel atomizer that I carry with me, which I spray before I'm meeting people at times. For this purpose, it works very well indeed. Overall I absolutely love the scent of this although the sillage and longevity are fleeting - though there have been alternatives made in this neroli-citrus style like Mugler Cologne, Ferrari's Bright Neroli, Bond No. 9 Eau de New York, Acqua di Parma Colonia Essenza, and Tom Ford Neroli Portofino Forte. Being a neroli fanatic, I own most of these already but still appreciate 4711 EDC. It is one of two 'historical' colognes I have, the other being Pinaud's virgin island bay rum.

03rd May, 2018
I might try a proper review of this at some point but I'm not sure what I can add that hasn't already been said.

But for me, it's a nice refreshing aftershave marketed as a Cologne.

I'll give it a 3.5/5 for the scent, the performance a 1/5.

I got a little vintage bottle of it (no idea how old it is) and it's projection seems subpar-to-decent: it's certainly not strong. It's longevity seems somewhere between weak and ok. It seems to last an hour, tops.

But it's perfect to put on after a shower and a shave.

I've read of someone who kept his in the refrigerator to cool off after coming home after a long hot day and I can see it would be good for that.

For me, due to it's subpar strength, it's a "cologne" in name only and I only use it as an aftershave. It's masculine but I wouldn't wear it on a date: it's not romantic or sexy. Just nice, lemony, pretty clean and refreshing.
03rd April, 2018
I want to rate 4711 because for the most part this is not a bad fragrance.Not manly at all but could pass a clean gentleman's scent.A pleasant amount of lemon and hints of orange.A light twist of rose petal adds a little color and makes it a smooth 'come hither' this scent dries I get hints of musk and very vague sandalwood.

As an Eau De Cologne it's gone in 20-30 minutes on my list so being able to pick up all this?you have to splash on a lot.

The thumbs-down rating that sealed it's fate is one other note in 4711 that is aquatic that tries to reflect a juiciness or watery vibe to compliment the freshness of the citrus.No it doesn't reflect the beach in any way.It's identical to chlorinated water...pool water.How in the world can someone find enjoyment in smelling like a germicidal agent(laughing)?but each his/her own.
11th March, 2018
I think this might be the first fragrance (used with this purpose) I might have encountered and worn, at my grandparent's place. It reminds me of them, even though I don't like Eaux de Cologne in general. I smelled it again in Köln (because I was there, so why not?) some years ago. It smelled softer, sweeter and more lemony than in my memories.
25th February, 2018

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Vintage Sealed Echt Kolnisch Wasser 4711 Eau de Cologne 10.6 Oz 300 ml Germany

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Vintage ECHT KOLNISCH WASSER No. 4711 Glockengasse Cologne on Rhine

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Vintage ECHT KOLNISCH WASSER No. 4711 Original Eau De Cologne 300ml 10fl oz NIB

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No.4711 Echt Kolnisch Wasser Eau De Colgne Blau Gold half full

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NEW Echt Kolnisch Wasser Original Eau do Cologne No 4711 0.27 oz 8ml GWP Size

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Echt Kolnisch Wasser N˚ 4711 Eau De Cologne (classic)

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Colonge Vintage set of 10 Mini bottles of Echt Kolnisch Wasser 4711 Look Box Set

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Vintage No. 4711 Echt Kolnisch Wasser Original Eau de Cologne 1.7 oz, Germany

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Echt Kolnisch Wasser 4711 Original Eau de Cologne 13.5 Oz Men's Fragrance FULL

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Lot Of (5) Echt Kolnisch Wasser 4711 Original Eau de Cologne 1.7 Fl oz

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VINTAGE 4711 Blue & Gold Echt Kolnisch Wasser Eau de Cologne Splash 300 mL NEW

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Vintage Echt Kolnisch Wasser No. 4711 Original Eau de Cologne OLD BOTTLE

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Perfumes launched in the same year as 4711 Echt Kölnisch Wasser (1792)