• Sandalwood Dreams, Part 8: Uses and Markets

      In the wrap-up to this series we will find out where to buy sandalwood oil, sandalwood wood and list the various uses and markets for this enlivened product.

      First let's step back in time to a sandalwood report published in 1925.


      SANDALWOOD OIL INDUSTRY OF INDIA
      Journal of the Royal Society of Arts
      Vol. 74, No. 3813 (DECEMBER 18th, 1925), pp. 119-120
      Published by: Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce
      Article Stable
      URL



      Over the past 15 years the price has increased on a compound basis by 16 % per annum.

      The trial harvest of Australian album oil by TFS in 2011 sold for $US4,000 per kg. This was an 80% premium on the 2011 spot price of $US2,100 per kg. Today Mysore sandalwood oil has a spot price of $US2,500 per kg.

      TFS anticipates that it will be the dominant global producer of Santalum album sandalwood by 2020. The markets for sandalwood include perfumery, religious statues and prayer beads as well as incense and medicine. Currently in R&D is a wart removal trial using sandalwood oil.

      The world now has a reliable, legal and sustainable supply of Australian album (Santalum album) sandalwood. This will deliver stability for the market uses noted above.

      This has been a series of sandalwood dreams which have turned into a heightened and sustainable reality.

      Australian album Sandalwood Oil GIVEAWAY

      Basenotes draw: 1 of 8 sampler ~5ml bottles (as pictured in Part 7) of Australian album sandalwood oil, courtesy of TFS.


      How to enter

      Please leave a comment below letting us know something new or interesting that you learnt from any section of the Series of Sandalwood Dreams.

      Please note that the gift recipient postal addresses will need to be given to TFS for the mail-out. This giveaway is open to anyone, anywhere in the world.


      Draw Now Closed




      TFS Contact Information

      If you would like to experience Australian album sandalwood oil or wood the contacts are:

      Home and Small Business buyers - TFS products page

      Commercial Quantity
      Australian album Oil - TFS commercial enquiries
      Australian album Wood - TFS commercial enquiries

      TFS Video


      Related articles






      Sandalwood Dreams Series - by Jordan River


      1. Myths & Dreams
      2. The Perfumed Chamber
      3. Planting Santalum album Sandalwood in Australia
      4. Harvesting
      5. Grading, processing and shipping to the distillery
      6. Distillation
      7. What does it smell like?
      8. Uses and Markets

      About the author Jordan River
      Author AvatarJordan River is the host of The Fragrant Man and also writes for Olfactoria's Travels and Australian Perfume Junkies. Jordan has been been reading Basenotes and other fragrance websites for the past few years and enjoys the confluence of subjectivity, knowledge and opinion. He is not a Perfume Pontiff and is always happy to be enlightened by your own knowledge and challenged by differing opinions.

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      Comments 93 Comments
      1. davidcontact's Avatar
        davidcontact -
        I am loving this website more and more. I heard horrible stories about sandalwood and how it harvest and sol so I am glad to read the following

        "After blending and pouring into large drums or small flacons a Certificate of Analysis is logged to the batch number. This means that the final analysis of the oil is traceable back to each plantation. A legal, traceable and transparent supply chain from soil to oil."

        Happy holidays all
      1. paimutan's Avatar
        paimutan -
        This was an excellent crash course in understanding sandalwood production. I was particularly awestruck reading that even the stumps are ripped from the ground, for their yield of oil!
      1. mahboub's Avatar
        mahboub -
        I've been following the bits and pieces of information about Australian Santalum album, so your series was timely and topical. Such a wealth of information you have provided.

        I heard that Santalum album may have been indiginous to the Australian continent and that these plantations in the tropical north are a sort of home coming for the species. I love the native Australian spicatum and have an assortment of Mysore sandalwoods including several antique examples I've collected as well as tiny samples from the late 90's before the crisis. I would love to see how this recent extraction compares. I'm sure aging will help the oil mellow.

        I really enjoyed learning about the process of extraction. The low yield, 3.7% is not surprising and will probably increase as the trees mature into their 3rd decade. I also appreciate the effort Tropical Forestry Services is making to eliminate waste in all aspects of production and offer a product that is traceable to the plantation, from soil to oil. That is setting a new standard for world production of key perfumery ingredients.

        Thank you for this great series!
      1. woodgirl's Avatar
        woodgirl -
        I was surprised to learn that the trees are ready to begin harvesting. I thought it would take more years of growth. Thanks for the draw.
      1. Renegade's Avatar
        Renegade -
        Interesting that different batches of oils are blended together for a more consistent odour profile. I thought they'd just blend everything together. Does this mean that some amount of oil is left behind?

        Also, I wonder if any of the Australian Santalum Album trees will be allowed to reach their full maturity before being harvested? Maybe this way they could offer a superior grade of oil in addition to the regular one (assuming an older tree would give a superior oil - maybe not?).
      1. kantofox's Avatar
        kantofox -
        I was very interested to learn that the spot price of Australian album was higher than it's Mysore counterpart, but I would suppose that it being a new crop the demand would ultimately be much higher. compared though to the options I find it surprising that Album still commands such high prices especially with austrocaledonicum having more of the sandal woody constituents such as a-santalol which is what gives the it, it's creamyness.
      1. ryanvars's Avatar
        ryanvars -
        I'm really surprised by the cost of Sandalwood and that, "Over the past 15 years the price has increased on a compound basis by 16 % per annum."

        I would like to see more efforts at sustainability and even highlighting a few locations that are getting it right like this:
        http://www.thesummitvanuatu.com/sour...d-oil-vanuatu/
      1. Azar's Avatar
        Azar -
        Hi Jordan,
        I learned so many things from this series. I would say that I was most surprised by the fact that nothing is wasted in production. Also, that Italian stump and root pulling machine was something I've never seen before!
        Azar
      1. Jordan88888888's Avatar
        Jordan88888888 -
        Quote Originally Posted by davidcontact View Post
        I am loving this website more and more. I heard horrible stories about sandalwood and how it harvest and sol so I am glad to read the following

        "After blending and pouring into large drums or small flacons a Certificate of Analysis is logged to the batch number. This means that the final analysis of the oil is traceable back to each plantation. A legal, traceable and transparent supply chain from soil to oil."

        Happy holidays all
        Happy Holidays to you too David. I like the traceable chain. You are in the draw.
      1. Jordan88888888's Avatar
        Jordan88888888 -
        Quote Originally Posted by paimutan View Post
        This was an excellent crash course in understanding sandalwood production. I was particularly awestruck reading that even the stumps are ripped from the ground, for their yield of oil!
        It was a crash course for me too. Fascinating to research. We were awestruck by the same things. Into the hat goes your good name Paimutan.
      1. Jordan88888888's Avatar
        Jordan88888888 -
        Quote Originally Posted by mahboub View Post
        I've been following the bits and pieces of information about Australian Santalum album, so your series was timely and topical. Such a wealth of information you have provided.

        I heard that Santalum album may have been indiginous to the Australian continent and that these plantations in the tropical north are a sort of home coming for the species. I love the native Australian spicatum and have an assortment of Mysore sandalwoods including several antique examples I've collected as well as tiny samples from the late 90's before the crisis. I would love to see how this recent extraction compares. I'm sure aging will help the oil mellow.

        I really enjoyed learning about the process of extraction. The low yield, 3.7% is not surprising and will probably increase as the trees mature into their 3rd decade. I also appreciate the effort Tropical Forestry Services is making to eliminate waste in all aspects of production and offer a product that is traceable to the plantation, from soil to oil. That is setting a new standard for world production of key perfumery ingredients.

        Thank you for this great series!
        And thank you for reading Mahboub. Yes it is all about the aging after getting this far. How about a photo of your vintage oils? I like different ones on each wrist to enjoy the nuances. You are in with a grin for the draw.
      1. Jordan88888888's Avatar
        Jordan88888888 -
        Quote Originally Posted by woodgirl View Post
        I was surprised to learn that the trees are ready to begin harvesting. I thought it would take more years of growth. Thanks for the draw.
        Ah, yes Woodgirl. As this is a commercial operation the date of harvesting is maximized for yield. It is likely though that some trees will be left to mature to see what the oil yield difference is - don't quote me on that though as it is an assumption. All the best to you for the draw that you are now in.
      1. grabuge's Avatar
        grabuge -
        I highly doubted that the genetics of Santalum Album would prove sufficient to yield the 'Mysore' aromatic profile from Australian soil, water, light...

        Thanks to the Australians for proving me wrong.

        And thanks to Jordan and TFS for the draw!
      1. Jordan88888888's Avatar
        Jordan88888888 -
        Quote Originally Posted by Renegade View Post
        Interesting that different batches of oils are blended together for a more consistent odour profile. I thought they'd just blend everything together. Does this mean that some amount of oil is left behind?

        Also, I wonder if any of the Australian Santalum Album trees will be allowed to reach their full maturity before being harvested? Maybe this way they could offer a superior grade of oil in addition to the regular one (assuming an older tree would give a superior oil - maybe not?).
        Hmm, I do not have the facts on that. Maybe there is low-grade oil with less alpha and beta sanatol that is not commercially available. There are other elements as well as those two that perfumers look for to achieve various results.

        As for harvesting; a good question which I have commented on in the comment before your one. Furthermore, In Part 4 it does say that a 50-year old tree would only yield slightly more than 3 to 3.7% oil but presumably this would also effect the oil quality. Still I think these very organised people would have optimized the quality to age of tree when they made the date-of-harvest decision. O, and you are so in the draw Renegade!
      1. Jordan88888888's Avatar
        Jordan88888888 -
        Quote Originally Posted by kantofox View Post
        I was very interested to learn that the spot price of Australian album was higher than it's Mysore counterpart, but I would suppose that it being a new crop the demand would ultimately be much higher. compared though to the options I find it surprising that Album still commands such high prices especially with austrocaledonicum having more of the sandal woody constituents such as a-santalol which is what gives the it, it's creamyness.
        Ah, Kantofox, I think that is because this oil is actually available while the Mysore is not available at all except for vintage vats held by perfumers. I know what you mean though with Supply and Demand Economics.

        Santalum austrocaledonicum is more woody than Mysore but yes it still has the sought-after creaminess and is much much smoother than Santalum spicatum which is the native Australian variety. However as the S austocaledonicum does have have vast plantations on the level of this new enterprise I would imagine that has an effect on price or maybe the demand from perfumers varies. You can let us know if you win the draw that you are now in.
      1. Jordan88888888's Avatar
        Jordan88888888 -
        Quote Originally Posted by Azar View Post
        Hi Jordan,
        I learned so many things from this series. I would say that I was most surprised by the fact that nothing is wasted in production. Also, that Italian stump and root pulling machine was something I've never seen before!
        Azar
        Much nicer than an oil-rig drill! I often wonder what happens to the vacuum left under the earth or sea by the extraction of petroleum oil. Whoops, off topic. Your Persian name is flying into the draw. Thank you for reading Azar.
      1. Jordan88888888's Avatar
        Jordan88888888 -
        Quote Originally Posted by grabuge View Post
        I highly doubted that the genetics of Santalum Album would prove sufficient to yield the 'Mysore' aromatic profile from Australian soil, water, light...

        Thanks to the Australians for proving me wrong.

        And thanks to Jordan and TFS for the draw!
        Well Grabuge you are not the only one who had doubts on this experiment which has now become a major commercial operation. There must be thousands of Indian people who are even more surprised at the success of the oil profile. Hopefully they are glad too that this oil is now sustainable and available. It is all about the chronograph analysis and then your own nose. Or maybe the other way around! You can let us know your reaction if you win the draw. This oil is young and it is an ingredient not a perfume so as long as that all makes sense I hope you have a chance to make your own mind up.
      1. Jordan88888888's Avatar
        Jordan88888888 -
        Quote Originally Posted by ryanvars View Post
        I'm really surprised by the cost of Sandalwood and that, "Over the past 15 years the price has increased on a compound basis by 16 % per annum."

        I would like to see more efforts at sustainability and even highlighting a few locations that are getting it right like this:
        http://www.thesummitvanuatu.com/sour...d-oil-vanuatu/
        Peace Ryanvars. Thank you for adding to the conversation with the link which I am off to read now. But first let's put you in the draw.
      1. DuNezDeBuzier's Avatar
        DuNezDeBuzier -
        Thank you for this very interesting series on Australian santalum album Mr. Jordan.

        Reading my way through, I could not help but notice the similarities between the plight of Sandalwood - Santalum album out of the mysore area of India and Agarwood/Oud - Aquilaria malaccensis out of India and southeast Asia.

        Would you know (and be able to share) whether TFS has entertained the cultivation/inoculation of agarwood/oud for commercial harvesting in anyway similar to its efforts with Santalum Album in Australia?
      1. daid's Avatar
        daid -
        This is great and very educative series of articles. There are many interesting facts I've learned. The most important part for me is the one about the smell, part 7. I'm very happy to read positive opinions of those who have a huge experience with perfumes (Clayton, Portia, Suzanne). As the situation with Mysore sandalwood in India is rather bad, it sounds optimistic to have such a great alternative enriched with the virtues of Australian ground ("...a note of the Australian bush in it – but just a hint"-Suzanne R Banks, "...a fresh version of the Mysore, still rich and lavish but different."- Portia.) It would be interesting to make the same perfume with Mysore and Santalum Album just to see the particular differences. I think that there are perfumers who have already done this experiment in their laboratories. All in all, it seems encouraging.



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