Hi there, this is a great question! I hope you have many replies.
To start the ball rolling, here is information on a scent created with a book in mind.
Ayala Moriel's L'Ecume des Jours is meant to evoke the novel of the same name, by the French writer Boris Vian. That novel was a landmark in French writing of the 1960's. It is written in a very postmodern, surreal style. Utterly memorable, sadly haunting.
The scent captures complex notes which have an affinity to the novel in many ways. Visit Ayala's site and find her explanation.
I have this scent, have read the novel. They each are utterly unique and quite memorable.