One of the best examples of theis is the Un Jardin series by Hermes.
Un Jardin en Mediterranee
Un Jardin sur le Nil
Un Jardin Apres le Mousson
All of these were designed by JC Ellena after spending time in these places and trying to make an olfactory recreation of them.
Another scent that does a great job of this, for me, but it might be a little strong is L'Artisan Timbuktu.