Fragrance to wear after swimming ? Sure.
Z Zegna Extreme. Not provocative. But pleasant in its overall accord that includes a hint of rose and patchouli. Draws some similarities to the original Z Zegna.
Sander for Man. Very nice sport fragrance with notes of myrrh to give it a certain vibrancy ( at least to me). Feels watery, in a way.
Cartier Declaration. Spicy goodness for me. Very nice cardamom note. Lasts well and makes good day wear also.
I can't really help you with the "...particular scent would interact with the chlorine odor..." aspect. I don't swim anymore, but can't see it being an issue.