On reading your post my immediate reaction was "aldeyhdes". Then I noticed your description of the note you dislike and it made me think of ... Aldehydes.
I have never smelled White Shoulders but you'll never guess what's in the top notes ... yup ... Aldehydes.
This was all before I even got down to the question at the bottom on your post.
I'll take a wild stab in the dark and suggest that you should perhaps avoid strongly aldehydic perfumes in the future!
Some aldehydes last for the entire duration (Chanel No. 22), some only a brief time (Bvlgari pour Homme) and some may not even be that detectable (Chloe's Narcisse) so you'd have to test, test, test. Chanel No. 5 is noted as the first perfume in history to use aldehydes.
Personally, aldehydes are like a drug to me and I really enjoy that 'hit' that they give me. I have even owned some 'questionable' perfumes without realising that it was the aldehydes that were drawing me to them. Upon realising my addiction I learned to moderate my aldehydic behaviour and now only use Vintage L'Interdit, Chanel No. 22 and Mitsouko. I find it hard to put down a perfume that gives me what you described as "...a note that rushes to my nose ... chemical note with the hair-curling effect ..." Awesome! xD
Oh and out of curiosity ... do you like fizzy drinks?
Welcome to the addiction that is Basenotes and all manner of sniffing.
Edit: Oh! And major grats on the 7.5mls of No.19 for a dime! it's probably vintage (particularly if it's really a cologne) and even if it's not, thats so lucky! And (she says slowly) ... thinking about it ... 7.5mls is a standard amount for a extrait/parfum - are you sure it's cologne? *_*