For me, the opening is all about fresh crushed pink pepper berries. Then comes saffron and incense. The best comes at the end. This scent has the best drydown of all perfumes ever. For me it's almost pure oudh and sandalwood and always some shimmering silver frankincense in the back which has suprising staying power. I get nothing of the leather figuring in the scent pyramid. And no Iso E Super IMHO. Wonderful scent. Very complex and long lasting. It's powerful though, so be easy on the trigger if you live among other human beings (or animals).